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Compare and Contrast the approaches of Marx and Weber to Social Class and Stratification

Social Stratification refers to the hierarchically organised layers of social inequality

Such as status groups, classes and ranks. Two of the most well known sociologists Max Weber (1864-1920) and Karl Marx (1818-1883) studied the concepts of stratification and class in great detail, many of their ideas still have profound influences on people studying sociology today, in this, the modern society.

Karl Marx was born in Trier in the Rhineland. He was later educated at the universities of Berlin, and Bonn it was here that he studied Law and Philosophy. As well as having a great interest in the political economy he also went on to study sociology, interestingly he had acquired experience of social conditions during his travels through Europe.

Much of Marx's work was to do with Social stratification, but it was mostly concerned with class. Marx believed that societies such as hunters and gatherers existed in a Primitive Communist state. Here there was equality and no stratification within the society. However in later years came the introduction of agriculture, thus creating the concept of ownership. The lord of the manor

Religion has long been the subject of speculation and theory. The question of the origin of religion in the human race still remains one of the insoluble mysteries confronting the mind of man. Through this essay I will compare the views of two founding fathers of sociology, Emile Durkheim and Max Weber to see how their views on religion differ.

Max Weber's sociology is the basis of scientific sociology of religion in a sense of typological and objective understanding. Rejecting Karl Marx's evolutionary law of class society, or Emile Durkheim's sustained law of moral society, Weber established the understanding sociology of the subjective meaning of religious action or inaction. To build such knowledge of the understanding...