should people have autonomy over their end of life decisions?

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In the following essay, the topic that will be discussed is, should people have autonomy over their end of life decisions. Oxford Press (2013) defines autonomy as freedom or independence from external control or influence. This underpins the title, as should people have the freedom or independence to control their end of life decisions. Throughout this essay, the argument will be in favour of people having autonomy over their end of life decisions. This is an argumentative essay so each position will be considered and refute some objections to the position. The positions that will be discussed are euthanasia, sanity and God, family annihilations and abortion. The first position that will be discussed is euthanasia. People approach euthanasia and other end of light issues in different ways. McDougall and Gorman (2008) argue that Euthanasia is a complex issue, which is both intensely personal and politically charged. Euthanasia affects the person suffering both also the people involved in the persons life. Some may believe that euthanasia is wrong and should not occur under any circumstances; others may be of the opinion that someone facing the end of life should be able to choose the circumstances under which death occurs; McDougall and Gorman (2008). This position highlights that different people have different thoughts on euthanasia. There are a various number of terminologies and issues related to the end of light. The first terminology or issue would be the quality of life. McDougall and Gorman (2008) articulate that our societies current definition of the quality of life is largely predicted on an individual’s ability to determine when his or her life has become too painful to bear or has lost all meaning. The quality of life is a major issue in regards to euthanasia as McDougall and Gorman (2008) argue that quality of life can be subject of controversy especially when someone else tries to figure out someone elses quality of life. The concept is so subjective that the patients assessment of his or her quality of life can be very different from assessments made by others; McDougall and Gorman (2008) which can then lead to controversy if the patient should be allowed to stay alive or not depending on their situation. This creates both positives and negatives on the subject of quality of life. The second and final issue related to euthanasia is pain. This is a very strong topic in relation to euthanasia as McDougall and Gorman (2008) espouses that pain is at the top of the list of issues: someone who is experiencing a tolerant amount of pain has greater latitude to make choices about the end of life. McDougall and Gorman (2008) argues that for some people, a tolerable pain level might present the chance to spend additional time with loved ones or an opportunity to take a trip before travelling becomes impossible. Spending time with your loved ones is one of the most important things to do before passing away. McDougall and Gorman (2008) also argue that for those with pain that has become intolerable, pain removes choice from many facets of the remainder of a patient’s life, which portrays that ending your life might be the best thing to do and can also lead to other people ending your life due to their thinking on the situation. McDougall and Gorman (2008) proposes that doctors can prescribe medication to lessen the pain but patients that have cancer or AIDS unfortunately, is nearly impossible. This can then lead to people ending your life for you due to you not being well enough to make your own decisions. McDougall and Gorman (2008) articulates that regardless of the situation, good communication between the patient, medical personnel, family and other caregivers is an essential component of ensuring that the patients pain level is as tolerable as it can be. Euthanasia in regards to pain is necessary in many peoples’ eyes if the patient is suffering an intolerable amount of pain. Religion also plays an important...