Population Distribution of Brazil

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Essay Title: Describe and explain the population distribution of Brazil. Population distribution means the pattern of where people live. The world’s population distribution is very uneven. Places which are sparsely populated contain few people and places which are densely populated contain many people. Sparsely populated places tend to be difficult places to live. These are usually places with hostile environments e.g. Antarctica. Places which are densely populated are habitable environments e.g. Europe. Brazil is the largest country in South America and the fifth largest nation in the world. It forms an enormous triangle on the eastern side of the continent with a 4,500-mile (7,400-kilometer) coastline along the Atlantic Ocean. It has borders with every South American country except Chile and Ecuador. They speak Portuguese. Brazil’s population distribution is very diverse and in terms of population distribution, is exceedingly varied and uneven. It has the sixth largest population in the world with 175 million inhabitants. The people of Brazil have 8,511,965 square kilometres that potentially could be occupied. However 90% of people are living within 500 km of the coastline (of the Atlantic) and 80% live within 320 km of the coast. When people live along the coastline this becomes known as a coastal shelf. The most densely populated areas are; the south, south east and the north east. Cities like Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro have up to and over 85 people per square kilometre. Population densities increase the closer the large city is to the Atlantic. However there are two exceptions to this. Firstly Brasilia has a high population of more than 100 people per km2 and this is a city that is in the centre-west of Brazil. This is probably because it is the capital. The second anomaly is Manaus that has a moderate population in comparison with the rest of Brazil of between 10 – 50 people per km2 and is in an area surrounded by low population densities. This is most...