DifferenceS Between Diabetes 1 and 2

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Type 1 diabetes is a condition in which the body does not produce insulin since the patient’s own body has destroyed beta cells, which produce insulin. Type 1 diabetes is not preventable. It does not develop as a result of an individual’s lifestyle. This type of diabetes occurs before the age of 20 years and commonly referred to as juvenile onset diabetes. Type 1 diabetes cannot be controlled without injecting insulin. It is associated with higher levels of ketone during diagnosis. Type 2diabetes is where the body does not produce sufficient insulin and the cells are not properly responding to the insulin. It is a complicated condition referred to as “insulin resistance”. This condition is associated with fitness, bodyweight and lifestyle. It is usually diagnosed after the age of 35 years, hence commonly referred to as adult onset. Type 2 diabetes is associated with heart disease hence it becomes necessary to check the patients’ cholesterol level and blood pressure. Unlike type 1, type 2 diabetes can be controlled without medication (Ottoboni, 2004).) Uncontrolled diabetes can be a threat to life. It leads to several complications which include; heart attack, visual impairment stroke and paralysis. Uncontrolled diabetes may result in complications that can affect almost every body organ such as; eyes, nerves, heart and blood vessels, as well as gums and teeth. Diabetes can affect the entire body of the patients if it is uncontrolled, leading to early deaths (American, 2006). Diabetes has become a leading health risk in America today as it has increasingly risen among American citizens since the year 2000. Almost 8% of American population has some form of diabetes and the numbers are continuously increasing. The condition has become increasingly prevalent in the recent years. Currently, there are 17.9 million people in America who have been diagnosed with diabetes. The condition is anticipated to rise expressively in the near future. Studies have...