dementia diet

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1.1: Explain how cognitive, functional and emotional changes associated with dementia can affect eating, drinking and nutrition.

Cognitive: depending on the type of dementia the individual has they may have trouble in recognising the food in front of them or not understand that the food provided is for them, This can be caused by their minds not recognising what is in front of them.

Functional: The individual may struggle to use their knife, fork and spoon, they may even struggle to chew or swallow. This can be caused by the mind forgetting how to do something, or making that task become more difficult to perform.

Emotional: The individual may refuse to eat all together, this could be caused by the mind simply telling them they are not hungry or thirsty when they actually are, this can happen quite often and is usually caused by a problem causing them to get upset or angry.

Assessment Criteria 1.2: Explain how poor nutrition can contribute to an individual’s experience of dementia

Poor nutrition can make the symptoms of dementia worse for people unfortunate enough to have this condition.Poor nutrition not only worsens the symptoms of dementia, but increases the chance of an sufferer needing hospitalisation. One reason individuals with dementia suffer from poor nutrition is their inability or reluctance to eat. Some individuals have a poor appetite and little interest in food. Their sense of taste and smell is often diminished, and they may have difficulty chewing due to poor fitting dentures Swallowing difficulties are another common problem. Malnutrition also affects immune system making it difficult to fight an infection.

Effects of poor nutrition:
  * Higher risk of infection
  * Reduced wound healing
  * Dermatological problems
  * Constipation
  * Disturbed sleeping pattern
  * Weight loss/gain

Assessment Criteria 1.3: Describe how other health and emotional conditions may affect the nutritional needs of an individual with...
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