Bureaucracy in India

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Bureaucracy in India
A bureaucracy is "a body of nonelective government officials" and/or "an administrative policy-making group."Historically, bureaucracy referred to government administration managed by departments staffed with nonelected officials.In modern parlance, bureaucracy refers to the administrative system governing any large institution. Since being coined, the word "bureaucracy" has developed negative connotations for some.[9] Bureaucracies are criticized for their complexity, their inefficiency, and their inflexibility.[10] The dehumanizing effects of excessive bureaucracy were a major theme in the work of Franz Kafka, and were central to his masterpiece The Trial.The elimination of unnecessary bureaucracy is a key concept in modern managerial theory, and has been a central issue in numerous political campaigns. Others have defended the existence of bureaucracies. The German sociologist Max Weber argued that bureaucracy constitutes the most efficient and rational way in which human activity can be organized, and that systematic processes and organized hierarchies were necessary to maintain order, maximize efficiency and eliminate favoritism. But even Weber saw bureaucracy as a threat to individual freedom, in which the increasing bureaucratization of human life traps individuals in an "iron cage" of rule-based, rational control. Essay on the Changing Scenario of Indian Bureaucracy.

The term, bureaucracy is commonly used in a some­what contemptible sense, not only because it always looks upward for instruc­tions and not downwards to the people whom it serves but also because it is this part of the government which comes in direct contact with the people, whether' it be collection of taxes or regulation of trade. In short, bureaucracy is a professional class of technically skilled persons who are organised in an hierarchical way and serve the state in an impartial manner. Development of Thought:

During the British period, the bu­reaucracy acted more as the rulers of the people rather than as their servants. The administrative machinery consisted of an experienced and efficient cadre, not only advising the inexperienced political masters on the formulation of policies hut also in their implication with efficiency and expedition. After independence, the role of the civil servants is very limited and they are totally dominated by their political masters in a bid to suit the requirements of chang­ing times, aims and objectives. There is a love-hate relationship going on between politicians and bureaucrats. Both are responsible for the present state of deterioration of administration, it is their sacred duty now to put a stop to this trend and run the machinery or government smoothly and efficiently for the growth and progress of the country. Conclusion:

Now-a-days the bureaucracy enjoys enormous powers not because it has a greed for power but because the need of the modern technological civilization has demanded this delegation. This however, does not mean that there is no help for the society. We may not be able to avoid Big Government' today but we can certainly minimize the bureaucratic ten­dencies in our administration, provided we devise proper safeguards in our constitutional and administrative structure. In the post independence era we have made many strides in economic progress although if our administrative processes had worked better, it is believed that the social and economic progress would have been faster. The British left administrative machinery which though meant for a colonial administration was, never the less, a sound one, consisting of an experienced and efficient cared which could hold the hands of the new but inexperienced political masters, not only advising them on the formulation of policies but also in their implementation with efficiency and expedition. In fact the framers of India's Constitution recognised this position and hence provided for a permanent civil...