An Introduction to Tourism Supply

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An Introduction to Tourism Supply          
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Goeldner, C. R., J. R. B. Ritchie and R. W. McIntosh. 2000. Tourism Components and Supply. In Tourism: Principles, Practices, Philosophies. New York, John Wiley and Sons Ltd.: 362-393 This overview chapter on tourism classifies tourism supply into four basic components: natural resources and environment; the built environment; transportation; and hospitality and cultural resources. The basic elements of natural resources and environment include air and climate, lands forms, terrain, flora and fauna, beaches, natural beauty and water supply. The built environment includes both the basic infrastructure - water supply systems, roads, communication networks - and the superstructure - which includes facilities built specifically for tourism such as airports, parks, marinas, hotels and motels. Transportation includes items such as ships, airplanes, buses, taxis, etc. Hospitality and cultural resources include the nature of the people and the culture of the area that make tourism successful - such as the history, literature, friendliness, courtesy and welcoming spirit. Hall, C. M. and S. J. Page. 1999. The Supply of Recreation and Tourism. New York, Routledge. Second Edition: 89-130. This chapter situates the question of the supply of recreation and tourism within the research agenda of the geographer. In particular the geographer is concerned with studying: the locational characteristics associated with the supply of different recreational resources; the patterns of demand and usage; and the spatial interactions which occur between the demand for an supply of the recreational resource. The research analysis has been approached in a number of different ways: descriptive, exploratory, predictive and normative. Research on supply is often concerned with a number of specific factors including: an...